- de Meij
- de Molijn
- van den Berch
- Hogenhouck family
- Civic career
- Scientific career
- Delft in Holland
In 1678, Jacob vander Burgh was the City's treasurer. He started the year with 81,500 guilders and was the first treasurer whose Reekening or account book balanced revenue and expenses. The following year, vander Burgh was treasurer again, and reported beginning the year with 95,618 guilders. Again, he balanced revenue and expenses, a tradition that would continue.
The table below shows the Reekening's headings and major subheadings that had totals and sub-totals. Some of them are very long and list the sub-subheadings; they have been shortened (though not re-worded or re-spelled) for this table. These section headings in the account books remained almost identical for years 1658 through 1681. The revenue/expense total of 630,060 guilders for 1678 was closer to the more common 400-500,000 guilders than to the excesses of 1674 and 1675 after the Rampjaar, when it was almost triple that level, peaking at a little over 1.1 million guilders in 1675.
For comparison, the far right column has the somma grossa from 1661. The major difference was the 6th somma grossa, the amount of property taxes paid to the city.
Omitted are the items, the names, dates, and descriptions, which are shown in some of the page images on the left sidebar. The page numbers give a sense of the relative size of each section. The Expenses section of every volume was twice as large as the Revenue section because of all the people who received payments on annuities that they had bought over the years.
This table omits the stuivers and pennies so the somma grossas are a guilder or two larger than the sum of their sub-totals. The Leo Belgicus (Belgian Lion, right by ) was an oft-repeated visual allegory, a testimony to the Republic's reputation and stature in Europe. Click for larger sizes.
|page||short Dutch description||short English translation||guilders|
|2||Ontvangh van den afgegaen Tresorier d'anno 1677||Received from the outgoing treasurer||1st somma grossa||81,500||82,212|
|2v-6v||Ontvangh van de incomen van Stadts axcijsen||Received from the income from the City's excise taxes||2nd somma grossa||52,632||59,225|
|7-17v||van verhuirde huizen endde gronden||from the lease of buildings and grounds||3,859|
|18-19||van thuijnen ende landen binnen de Stadt||from gardens and land inside the City||109|
|19v-20v||van solders||from lofts||139|
|21-25||van stallen||from stables||682|
|25v-39v||van stede aertveste, mitsgaders de huisen daer op staende||from City earthworks, together with the buildings that stand on them||3,860|
|40-46||van boeten||from fines and penalties||880|
|47-54v||van losrenten -- diverse||from annuities -- various||1,333|
|54v||Ontvangh van allerleij partien van huisen, gronden, landen, ende Losrenten||Received from all parties for buildings, grounds, land, and annuities||3rd somma grossa||10,864||11,843|
|55-55v||van diversche domeijnen||from various domains||5,952|
|56-61v||vant recht van den duervaert op den Leitsendam||from the rights of passage at the Leidschendam||3,266|
|62-63v||van de ambachts heerlijchheid van Overschie||from the seigniory of Overschie||190|
|64||van de ambachts heerlijchheid van Voorburch||from the seigniory of Voorburg||55|
|64v-65||van de ambachts van Schonderloo||from the shire of Schonderloo||21|
|65v||vant wachtgeld||from reduced pay||1667|
|66||vant Rotterdamse veer||from the Rotterdam ferry||2,715|
|66v||vant Haagse veer||from the den Haag ferry||1,385|
|67||vant Maessluis veer||from the Maassluis ferry||786|
|67v||vant Leidse veer||from the Leiden ferry||8,319|
|67v||Ontvangh vant incomen van verscheide domeinen, tienden, & veeren||Received from the income from various domains, tithes, and ferries||4th somma grossa||24,861||27,736|
|68-70||van Stads goederen op de Delfshaven||from City goods in Delfshaven||3,039|
|70-71v||van huiren van huisen ende gronden op Delfshaven||from rental of houses and gounds in Delfshaven||270|
|72-72v||van Winterberchloon||from Winterberchloon||278|
|73v-75v||van gronden ende caden op Delfshaven||from grounds and warves in Delfshaven||385|
|76-78||van Losrenten sprutende in de jaare 1591||from annuities from 1591||930|
|78v-82||van recognitie penningen van betimmerde huisen||from the assessment on wooden houses||145|
|82v-83||van lastgelt op den haringe en lijnbanen||from lastage (tax on ships) on herring and rope yards||443|
|83||Ontvangh van t incomen van Delfshaven||Received from the income from Delfshaven||5th somma grossa||5,542||5,879|
|83v-94||van penningen beij de Stadt aen de Tresorier verstrecht||from the amount distributed by the City to the Treasurer||419,000||105,126|
|95||van verpondinge over de Stad Delft, ende Delfshaven||property tax from Delft and Delfshaven||30,000|
|95v-96||van verpondinge vant Poortlandt||from property tax from Poortland||4,885|
|96v||vant brant ladder en immergelt||from fire ladder and bucket fee||773|
|96v||6th somma grossa||454,659||137,797|
|97||Somma total van den ontvangh||Total received||630,060||324,722|
This volume has three large sections of more than 10 pages (20 counting both sides):
- 7-17v from the lease of buildings and grounds 3,859
- 25v-39v from City earthworks, together with the buildings that stand on them 3,860
- 83v-94 from the amount distributed by the City to the Treasurer, that is, property taxes 419,000
The city rented a variety of assets, among them lofts, cellars, stables, wagon houses, stalls for those selling meat, fish, and vegetables, towers, gatehouses, lumber and rope yards, drying racks, and bleaching fields.
The numbers in red, the property taxes, drove the total. It was almost exactly two-thirds of the revenue in 1678. By comparison, in 1661 it was over forty percent but only because it was lower; the other somma grossa were all slightly higher in 1661.
More money, in terms of number of guilders, stayed in the City in 1661 than in 1678.
Pie chart showing the revenue share for 1678
excise taxes 8%
property taxes 72%